Turkey will not receive EU funds during 2021-2027 period
- June 14, 2020
- Posted by: admin
- Category: Blog
Olivér Várhelyi, EU Commissioner for European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations, stated that Turkey will not receive European Union pre-accession funding during the 2021-2027 budget period.
Várhelyi emphasized that the European Commission approved 168.2 million euros specifically for rural development, democracy and rule of law, home affairs, human rights and civil society as well as participation in Eu programs. Still, the long-term budget for 2021-2027 included pre-accession funding for the Western Balkan Strategy for further enlargement, in which Turkey was excluded. Furthermore, pre-accession funding is a tool to support candidate countries to comprehend and progress with EU standards and policies with a view to EU membership.
The EU has cut around 1.3 billion euros in its funds allocated to Turkey since 2017 as a result of the country’s lack of progress in reforms and fundamental rights and freedoms. In the 2014 to 2020 period Turkey is entitled to 4.5 billion euros.
EU support for Turkey was declined in July 2016. In the written parliamentary inquiry to Várhelyi, MEP Fragkos argued that Turkey has violated international law and broken its commitments vis-à-vis the EU and its European neighbors. Fragkos sought information on the amount of EU funds allocated to Turkey, the means and procedures ensuring the legal and legitimate use of funds in the country and whether Turkey will receive further funding over the next years.
Furthermore, in 2018 the European Court of Auditors (ECA), which works to improve the commission’s management of the EU budget and reports on EU finances, published a report , according to which IPA funds failed to address the problems of judicial independence, press freedom and civil society due to a lack of will in Turkey.
Since, Turkey did not made any progress in improving the above mentioned areas for several years, the IPA’s effectiveness in Turkey was only limited.